How can we reduce Aboriginal incarceration rates? As a society, we should be doing everything possible to keep people out of prison and not everything we can to gaol people, but where prison is the outcome, then everything must be done to help the people within them. PLEASE DONATE NOW! Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are at particularly increased risk of death from alcohol-related causes after release from prison.15 17. They are stitched-up big time by our governments and by government-funded institutions. How can we reduce Aboriginal incarceration rates? #Australia: #Indigenous #prisoners & those with #disabilities at ‘serious risk’ of abuse says Human Rights Watch .The report also states there was strong evidence of #racism towards #Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander inmates in 11 out of 14 prisons : The significance of the prison environment, its impact on Aboriginal prisoners and the flow on effects to Aboriginal families, communities and the wider community becomes increasingly important when the increasing rate incarceration of Aboriginal peoples in the Australian prison system is … According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics and Corrective Services, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander prisoners represent 27% of the total adult prisoner population. Indigenous incarceration in Australia has been the subject of many thorough and well evidenced reports and reviews over the past three decades including the landmark Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody. Prisoners with prior adult imprisonment decreased by 5% (18) to 349. But denying the facts doesn't make them disappear. When it comes to deaths in custody, we know the tragic toll, but in the first year following release, all the research shows that former inmates are up to 10 times more likely to suicide, or die an unnatural death, engage in risk-taking behaviour and substance abuse than at any time while in prison. All the conversations should lead with the social determinants such as quality housing, quality community institutions, equality in the standard of infrastructure, education, recreation, services and in the ensuring of workforce parity and with the advancement of local residents. Why Are There So Many Aboriginal People in Prison? One in five Western Australian and Northern Territorian Aboriginal peoples have been to prison. COAG Urged To Fight Root Causes Of Indigenous Incarceration 0. Our report contributes new economic modelling to the evidence base. Of Aboriginal people aged 19 to 20 years who have been to prison, more than 60% reoffend. One in four Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander males has been to prison. The rate of incarceration of Aboriginal people has risen 35 per cent between 1988 and 1995. This recognition equally applies to Aboriginal over-representation in criminal justice. The choice has been made to remove children at devastating rates rather than to invest everything possible into lifting their families out of poverty. We need YOU! Rudin addressed the issues of over- and under-policing in a paper prepared for the Ipperwash Inquiry (Rudin, 2007). I find it shocking that close to one in four inmates in the federal correctional system is an Aboriginal person. In 2016, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people constituted just 2% of the Australian adult population but comprised more than one quarter (27%) of the national adult prison population. The shocking truth of Australia's Indigenous incarcerated, The problem of Australia's Indigenous people behind bars needs to be addressed immediately (Image via twitter.com/Mediacoachasia), Power can be taken back by exposing our oppressors, Australia must build 150,000 public rental homes and end all forms of homelessness. 5 Although this principle is enshrined in legislation in most states, it is highly questionable whether it … The mantra that the Commonwealth Government annually spends thereabouts $30 billion on “Indigenous disadvantage” is a lie. On average,10,558 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults are in prison each day, which is an increase of 7 per cent since the number was calculated at the same time in 2015. One of the key themes of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody was that imprisonment should be a sanction of last resort.5 Although this principle is enshrined in legislation in most states, it is highly questionable whether it is followed in practice. The increase is most alarming in New South Wales and South Australia. Respected Canadian author and historian Irving Abella eloquently makes that point in a recent Globe and Mailarticle. To reduce soaring Aboriginal prison rates it is essential to invest in psycho-social healing, counselling, empowerment, education and rehabilitation.. As with many programs designed to 'cure' Aboriginal issues, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Aboriginal people continue to be incarcerated at truly alarming rates. Help us sharpen our knuckledusters. If we corral people to the situational trauma of prison and punishment then we embed a constancy of traumas — multiple, composite traumas, and the degeneration for many people into complex and aggressive traumas. But we need your help. Why Are There So Many Aboriginal People in Prison? In comparing global data, it is the highest rate of racialised incarceration in the world. As a result, Aboriginal women in corrections do not get paroled early if at all. The increase in impoverished Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander females is alarming. It estimates the costs of Indigenous incarceration and the (both Aboriginal and Maori) inmates was exhibited in the Victorian prison system in the later part of the 19080s. One in six South Australian Aboriginal people have been to prison. That’s 18,000 children removed, and 11,000 adults in gaol — all who live below the poverty line. Keep ‘em honest. Overall, the authentic pathway to significantly reduce offending and the prison population are to lift people out of poverty, to improve life circumstances. More likely to return to prison on revocation of parole, often for administrative reasons, not criminal violations. Worse still, racism was embedded in the mindset of the ruling classes and permeated public life. Gerry Georgatos explores the reasons behind Australia's devastatingly high Indigenous imprisonment rate.. AS A PREDOMINATELY experiential researcher and journeyer to homeland communities, and having worked for more than two decades alongside the incarcerated, homeless and suicide affected, I have looked at the national prison population numbers during the last two decades, … Presently, one in 12 of Western Australia’s Aboriginal adult males are in prison and, from a racialised lens, this is the world’s highest gaoling rate. The increase is most alarming in New South Wales and South Australia. Up to 120,000 have been to prison. While the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) has reduced Canada’s overall youth incarceration rate in recent years, the relative proportion of detained Aboriginal youth has actually increased. I think most Canadians are proud of Canada's reputation for respecting the rights of others. Presently, there are nearly 11,000 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders in gaol. These 3 say that can be changed Aboriginal incarceration in context. They are ten times more likely than anyone else to end up in jail. The rate of incarceration of Aboriginal people has risen 35 per cent between 1988 and 1995. Personally, I find it shocking that close to one in four inmates in the federal correctional system is an Aboriginal person. Over and over, through the post-war period, Canadians expressed this determination in elections, choosing Parliaments and Prime Ministers committed to transforming an exclusionary, white-dominated society into something much more inclusive, more humane -- an example to the world. In this paper, I argue that three of the major reasons behind the high rates of incarceration of Aboriginal people are the history of colonization and their long lasting effects, the socioeconomic problems that they are facing, and lastly, the role of police in Aboriginal communities and racial profiling problems. A new report into the distressing and disproportionate rates of incarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians sets governments a stark … The Indigenous incarceration rate went up by 44.8 per cent, the … All the rest is damaging chatter and inequality. They are twice as likely as male offenders to have a significant mental health diagnosis at time of admission, and they are far more likely than males to self-harm in prison. Prisoner without prior adult imprisonment remained stable at 101. The condition of female Aboriginal inmates with mental illness is of particular concern. The number of Aboriginal women in prison is a major public health issue accounting for 33% of the female prison population, but only 3% of the Australian female population. 3.20Figure 3.3 below shows that the imprisonment rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has increased 41% over 10 years, from 1,438 per 100,000 in 2006 to 2,039 per 100,000 persons in 2016. Suicides of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons who lived above the poverty line are few and less than non-Indigenous suicides of people who lived above the poverty line. Australia’s First Nations peoples are gaoled at a higher rate than the Black American gaoling rate. ... with child protection and the devastating rates of family violence against Aboriginal women help pave the pathway to prison. Indigenous incarceration in Australia has been the subject of many thorough and well evidenced reports and reviews over the past three decades including the landmark Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody. Newsletters may offer personalized content or advertisements. Eight of ten children in remote communities do not complete Year 12. The rate has increased 25 per cent for non-Aboriginal people. The Canada the world admires. The old Canada, he writes, was "a benighted, closed, xenophobic society in which minorities were barred from almost every sector of Canadian life." Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners accounted for just over a quarter (28%) of the total Australian prisoner population. But there are areas where we seem locked in a time-warp. The rate has increased 25 per cent for non-Aboriginal people. Nearly 100% of the near 18,000 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander children removed by child protection authorities from their biological families lived below the poverty line. I find it shocking that close to one in four inmates in the federal correctional system is an Aboriginal person. Tackle causes of incarceration now or see Indigenous people make up majority of inmates by 2025 "What is little known is that one in nine of Aboriginal … Among these are poor social conditions, including lack of literacy and English language skills, health problems, poverty and unemployment. Keep ‘em honest. The great bulk of Aboriginal offenders are thus statistically doomed to a life of ongoing contact with the criminal justice system and the prison system because of the root causes of offending. There’s all this chatter of reintegration and reformation, but it is piecemeal, minimal stuff, pat on the shoulder stuff, helping with documents (Centrelink, drivers licences and the like) instead of training to employment, instead of education pathways, instead of intense and relentless psychosocial support, instead of outreach to the critically vulnerable. They end up serving more time. It is almost negligible the number of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders who are incarcerated who were living above the poverty line. To reduce soaring Aboriginal prison rates it is essential to invest in psycho-social healing, counselling, empowerment, education and rehabilitation.. As with many programs designed to 'cure' Aboriginal issues, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Nearly 25% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders live remotely. There was a persistent campaign of violence and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander incarceration report sets stark challenge Wednesday, 28 March 2018. The bar graphs show the percentage of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal prisoners (left vertical axis). Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are gaoled at a higher rate than African-American gaolings. If we are to understand the enormity of what I believe is a humanitarian crisis with far reaching generational implications, we need to understand the following. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and men make up 27 per cent of the Australian prison population, costing the nation about $3.9 billion per year, the ALRC said. However, of the 500,000, more than 100,000 are Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders — First Nations persons. Another reason for the spike in Aboriginal incarceration is the harsh mandatory-minimum sentencing laws passed by Stephen Harper’s conservative government over the past decade which increased sentences for a wide variety of crimes while limiting parole opportunities. Nearly 100% of First Nations people who are incarcerated are from the 300,000. Of the more than 500,000 living Australians who have been to prison, this indicates that thereabouts of 125,000 First Nations people have been to prison. Independent Australia is a progressive journal focusing on politics, democracy, the environment, Australian history and Australian identity. The great bulk of Aboriginal offenders are thus statistically doomed to a life of ongoing contact with the criminal justice system and the prison system because of the root causes of offending. Institute of Social Justice and Human Rights, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Australia License, Treasury’s latest population projections seem hard to believe, An open letter to President Donald Trump after inciting domestic terrorism, Students suffer under sluggish welfare system, Australia's racism: Changing the anthem won't cut it, Julian Assange still not in the clear from prosecution or persecution, Daylight saving in the sunshine state of Queensland, Wren's week: Victoria leads way in managing COVID-19 infections, Compliance is a must: What we can learn about COVID-19 safety from Toronto. The high rate of incarceration for Aboriginal peoples has been linked to systemic discrimination and attitudes based on racial or cultural prejudice, as well as economic and social disadvantage, substance abuse and intergenerational loss, violence and trauma. We strand people post-release with little or no hope on the horizon. Aboriginal women are the most vulnerable among this vulnerable group. It estimates the costs of Indigenous incarceration and the Support IA. The rate of removal is a choice, but one that is a moral and political abomination, reprehensible beyond words. Millions of Canadians would not have been able to live the lives they wish to have and are able to have (to paraphrase the language of the Act) had these barriers remained. “Despite making up 3% of the population, First Peoples comprise 27% of the nation’s prison population, making Australia’s Indigenous incarceration rates the worst in the world.” https://t.co/6EOr1GQMsk. Of Aboriginal people aged 19 to 20 years who have been to prison, more than 60% reoffend. This is not the Canada I grew up in. The highest Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate was recorded in Western Australia, 4,066 persons per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population — the world’s highest racialised gaoling rate. To keep us speaking truth to power, please consider donating to IA today - even a dollar will make a huge difference - or subscribe and receive all the benefits of membership. It was driven by the determination of a wide cross-section of Canadians to build a society free of the kind of racial, ethnic and other barriers that are at the root of so much misery on the planet. 5.1 Both the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Legal Services (NATSILS) and the Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia (ALSWA) stated that the reasons for the high imprisonment rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons are 'well documented'. The levels of illiteracy among prisoners break the heart. Commissioner Oscar delivered the Grace Vaughan Memorial Lecture at the University of Western Australia last night and raised concerns about the over-representation of Indigenous women in prisons around the country. Aboriginal incarceration in context One of the key themes of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody was that imprisonment should be a sanction of last resort. These 3 say that can be changed There is a lot of talk once again about reducing incarceration rates, about reducing disparities, about targets and generational change. Copyright © 2021 HuffPost.com, Inc. "HuffPost" is a registered trademark of HuffPost.com, Inc. All rights reserved. There are three related reasons: over-policing; under-policing; and the general absence of a community policing model in Indigenous communities. The Canadian Human Rights Act is one outcome of this endeavour. Therefore one in 50 Australians have been to prison. Join the IA newsletter for regular updates on our latest news stories. The Canada I know and love. The rates of incarceration tell of gruesome disparity: First Nations people being gaoled at 16 times the rate of the rest of the nation’s peoples. Get the top stories emailed every day. Nearly 100% of the children removed by child protection authorities, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander and of Australian children in general, lived below the poverty line. You can follow Gerry on Twitter @GerryGeorgatos. Gerry Georgatos is a suicide prevention researcher and restorative justice and prison reform expert with the Institute of Social Justice and Human Rights. Justice reinvestment is a step in a right direction, but it is not the way forward to radically reducing reoffending and the prison population. Around half of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prison entrants link their offending to alcohol and/or substance misuse.16 18. There is an urgent need for more affirmative actions, for the lifting of people out of poverty, for pathways to quality education and employment, for the full suite of infrastructure in all communities. The national average daily Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate is 2,440 persons per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. One of the main reasons the Indigenous incarceration rate is 13 times higher than non-Indigenous Australians is because a greater proportion of Indigenous Australians live in these low socio-economic, welfare-dependent suburbs or communities than other Australians. The Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework explicitly recognises that the contemporary social and economic circumstances of Aboriginal people are inextricably linked to ongoing and previous generations’ experiences of European colonisation. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners increased by 12% (12) to 116. By examining incarceration data, researchers found out that Indigenous people lose far more years of life to time spent incarcerated than to many other common causes of … With more than 700,000 Australians identifying as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander, more than one in seven have been to prison. Aboriginal women are 34 times more likely to be hospitalised as a result of family violence than non-Aboriginal women. Let us tell of a human catastrophe: of 120,000 First Nations people having been to gaol and that, as soon as 2025, Australia is looking at one in two of its prison population comprised of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders. This crisis is especially profound in the youth context. Acting Chief Commissioner of the Canadian Human Rights Commission, This Vaccine Calculator Predicts When Canadians Can Expect Their Shot, Entire World Goes All In On 'Rational' Stock, House Price Bubble, Dozens Of Protesters Ticketed For Violating Quebec's COVID-19 Curfew, Here's Why Politicians In Atlantic Canada Avoided COVID Travel Scandals, Online School Forcing Single Parents To Choose Between Jobs And Kids, How To Help Older Kids Make Sense Of Scary News Stories, Quebec Imposes Province-Wide 8 P.M. I have worked with hundreds of suicide affected families and, in my experience, nearly 100% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander suicides are of people who lived below the poverty line. AS A PREDOMINATELY experiential researcher and journeyer to homeland communities, and having worked for more than two decades alongside the incarcerated, homeless and suicide affected, I have looked at the national prison population numbers during the last two decades, and disaggregated an estimated minimum 100,000 of First Nations people having been to prison. Reasons for high Indigenous imprisonment rates Introduction. "Indigenous people are now the most disadvantaged in Australia, with higher rates of poverty, ill health & imprisonment than any other community..".https://t.co/IIYh7cUkID. They are denied the equivalency of infrastructure, services and opportunity the rest of Australia enjoys, including remote non-Aboriginal towns. Nearly 150,000 are children, with 18,000 having been taken away. 3.13 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are disproportionately represented in Australian prison populations. 5.1 Both the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Legal Services (NATSILS) and the Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia (ALSWA) stated that the reasons for the high imprisonment rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons are 'well documented'. “@Prison_Health: Why Are Indigenous Australian Kids Doing Time in Adult Prisons? Nearly 100% of incarcerated Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders are people who live below the poverty line. Privacy Policy. While the incarceration rate has increased across the board in the last 20 years, the Aboriginal incarceration rate has skyrocketed. Prison system failed to ensure security tests aren't racially biased against Indigenous inmates More than 80% of incarcerated Manitoba minors are Indigenous. There is an overall poor investment in education and wellbeing programs in our prisons, and the unmet needs outstrip supply. 300,000 First Nations descendants live below the poverty, with a significant proportion living in extreme poverty. More than 30% of inmates in Canadian prisons are Indigenous – even though aboriginal people make up just 5% of the country’s population, according … Contractor’s ‘Hope Stoves’ Help Homeless People Cook, Stay Warm, Winners And Losers: What A Biden Presidency Means For Canada’s Economy, How To Open A Stubborn Produce Bag, The Pandemic-Safe Way, Saskatoon Man Uses The Cold To Show How Effective Face Masks Can Be, One Of These Great Canadians Will Be The Face Of The New $5 Bill. IA punches above its weight. Australia should start spending billions of dollars, long overdue, on ending disadvantage, particularly extreme poverty and on equality. Aboriginal people have long been over-represented in Australian prisons. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner June Oscar AO has described the imprisonment rates of Indigenous women as a national disgrace. I appreciate the complexity of these issues, and the challenges of dealing with them. Many factors contribute to the high rate of incarceration among Aboriginal Australians. Support independent journalism Subscribe to IA. Their mental health deteriorates. And that number is climbing. Nationally, by 2025, we are heading from today’s nearly one in three prisoners comprised of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders, to more than one in two. 16. Although Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults make up around 2% of the national population, they constitute 27% of the national prison population. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, more than 80% of the national prison population has not completed secondary schooling, while nearly 100% of the national prison population comprising Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders has not completed secondary schooling. https://t.co/SQ6rgFK0bF. In the very least, prisons should be restorative and places of hope, heavily invested in healing and wellbeing programs and, from there, onward with education opportunities. Some end up serving additional sentences for crimes committed in detention. The crisis of Aboriginal over-incarceration in Canada is one of the most well-documented features of our Criminal Justice System. The intersection of poverty and incarceration is not rocket science and it is where we must focus all attention. A recent Globe and Mailarticle and opportunity the rest of Australia enjoys, including remote non-Aboriginal towns in inmates... 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